TIFF (Tagged Image File Format) is a widely supported high-quality raster image format, and a standard in areas like faxing, imaging and archiving. TIFF files can be viewed on just about every computer using a variety of applications. They can be single-page or multi-page, black & white or full color, high resolution for printing or low resolution for screen display.
TIFF file formats are used for storing high quality images. They can be very large. It is the favored image format in many graphic applications. These include FAX, archival and scanning applications, image manipulation programs, desktop publishing and 3-D imaging applications. A TIFF version called GeoTIFF is used to store geo-referenced raster images.
- Supports CCITT G3 and G4 encoding, LZW and MacIntosh RLE (packbits) encoding
- Supports 1-bit B&W, 8-bit colormap and 24-bit True Color
- Output to any resolution (dpi)
- Supports output to single-page, multiple single-page, single multi-page
- Option to output to standard or custom page size or as a cropped portion
- Source files may include vector graphics, raster images, text and fonts
Currently, Microsoft supports a variety of graphics formats in their Windows Imaging Component which provides a framework for working with images and image metadata. The standard image formats are TIFF, JPEG, PNG, GIF, BMP, ICO and HDPhoto. A single, consistent set of interfaces is used for all image processing, regardless of image format, so any application using the WIC gets automatic support for new image formats as soon as the codec is installed. The extensible metadata framework makes it possible for applications to read and write their own proprietary metadata directly to image files, so the metadata never gets lost or separated from the image.
Visual Integrity outputs: TIFF, JPEG, PNG, GIF, BMP
In the Microsoft Developers Network, the following formats have been declared legacy formats. They are obsolete and should not be used in new applications.
- Monitor Configuration
- Picture Acquisition
- Windows Color System
- WPF Bitmap Effects
The BMP format is the native image format for the Microsoft Windows operating system. Historically it was an important format in productivity and publishing applications but has been displaced by more compact, efficient and portable formats such as JPEG, PNG and TIFF. BMP is still used in some applications. BMP files are high quality but large in comparison to the alternatives. Unlike other image-file formats like GIF and JPEG, the BMP file format was not designed to be portable. It was really designed to easily work with the Windows API using the same structures that Windows applications use to manipulate in-memory bitmaps. As Windows has changed, so has the BMP file format. Windows now has several documented versions of the BMP format. Visual Integrity can support any of these variations.
Frequently Asked Questions
- The image formats used on web sites are JPEG (or JPG), PNG and GIF. JPEG is best for images with many colors such as photos. GIF is best for line art, illustrations and drawings with limited color. PNG is the most versatile and can be used quite broadly on web-sites.
- The image formats used in documents follow a similar rule. GIF, TIFF and PNG are best for images with fewer colors and JPEG is used for images with many colors such as photos. The best test is to use pdf2image to convert to a few different formats and then view them both on-screen and in print to see which gives you the desired result.
- It’s also important to determine what formats your application can import. If the program you want to use only accepts BMP, then you need to convert to this format, even if it produces larger files than PNG.